Correct Answer - Option 4 : None of the above
Mahajanapadas refers to ancient Indian Kingdoms that existed between the 3rd and 6th centuries BCE.
- These kingdoms and republics had evolved and flourished in a belt stretching from Gandhara in the North-West to Anga in the Eastern part of the Indian subcontinent.
Mahajanapadas were of two types:
Monarchial states- Anga, Avanti, Chedi, Kashi, Kosala, Gandhara, Magadha, Matsya, Surasena, Vatsa
Non-Monarchial/Republican states- Kamboj, Kuru, Koliyas, Malla, Moriya, Shakya, Vajji, Panchal, Licchavi, Bhaggas, Kalamas, Videhas, Jnatrikas.
From the above, it is clear that Avanti, Kosal, and Magadha are not the Republic states.