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Which method of teaching geography is primarily pupil centred?
1. Description
2. Project
3. Illustration
4. Discussion

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Project

Pupil-centred method of teaching: 

Student-centred learning allows students to actively participate in their learning. In a student-centred classroom, the focus of the activity is the student. This means that learners are encouraged to participate in a series of tasks including speaking, listening, writing, and collaboration with other students.

Description: 
  • The teacher explains or narrates the subject matter to be taught.
  • In geography, to understand the causal relationship the teacher has to describe geographical facts.
  • Through this method, it is possible to awaken the power of imagination.
  • The teacher should not go into detail, he should encourage the students to take part in the description.
  • The teacher should describe the things in simple language and as vividly as possible.
Project method: 
  • As it is based on the psychological principle, it is only for the development of the inherited traits of the child providing the most natural conditions.
  • Applying this method, education gets more meaning and value in comparison to the traditional methods of teaching.
  • It develops social values like co-operation, fellow-feeling, and brotherhood.
  • As it involves manual activities, it emphasizes the dignity of labor.
  • The students by this method, understand the importance of learning by doing and direct experience of things.
Illustration method:
  • They prove valuable in teaching abstract information by providing spatial metaphors for logical structure.
  • Using space, lines, boxes, arrows, color, and the relative distance between elements, an illustration can provide a concrete equivalent of the abstract.
  • An illustration is a decoration, interpretation, or visual explanation of a text, concept or process, designed for integration in published media, such as posters, flyers, magazines, books, teaching materials, animations, video games, and films.
Discussion method: 
  • The use of the discussion method is suitable for meeting the objectives of Geography teaching because the method provides an effective means of developing skills and of utilizing facts and information i.e. students not only learn to communicate ideas but also to dissect and evaluate them and find wider and more practical Discussion is important to learning in all disciplines because it helps students process information rather than simply receive it.
  • Leading a discussion requires skills different from lecturing.
  • The goal of a discussion is to get students to practice thinking about the course material.

Hence, the correct answer is the Project method.

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