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The "Red Data Books" published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) contain lists of

1. Endemic plant and animal species present in the biodiversity hotspots.

2. Threatened plant and animal species.

3. Protected sites for the conservation of nature and natural resources in various countries.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


1. 1 and 3
2. 2 only
3. 2 and 3
4. 3 only

1 Answer

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : 2 only

The correct answer is 2 only.

  • Red Data Books:
    • The "Red Data Books" published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species.
    • Red data book is beneficial for providing detailed information for studies and researches. It also helps in monitoring programs on rare and endangered species. It thus helps in protecting the species that are on the verge of extinction. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
    • The red list contains only the names of the endangered species, however, the Red Data Book contains information about the species that are on the verge of extinction.
    • It divides species into nine categories: Not Evaluated, Data Deficient, Least Concern, Near Threatened, Vulnerable, Endangered, Critically Endangered, Extinct in the Wild and Extinct. Hence, statement 1 and 3 are incorrect.

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