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Which of the following is NOT an agro-based industry? 
1. Edible oil
2. Khandsari
3. Papar - Bhujia
4. Cement

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Cement

The correct answer is Cement.

  • Cement is not an agro-based industry.

  • The agro-based industry includes industries related to textiles, sugar, paper and vegetable oil.
  • Muscovado, also khandsari and khand, is a type of partially refined to unrefined sugar with a strong molasses content and flavour. 
  • These industries use agricultural products as raw materials.
  • The textile industry is the largest industry in the organized sector.
    • It comprises of
      • 1. Cotton textiles
      • 2. woollen textiles
      • 3. Silk textiles
      • 4. Synthetic fibres
      • 5. Jute textile industries
    • Textiles have been a major component of the industrial sector.
    • It accounts for nearly a fifth of the industrial output and a third of the export earnings.

  • India has world-class production in spinning, but weaving supplies low quality of fabric as it cannot use much of the high-quality yarn produced in the country.
  • Weaving is done by handloom, power loom and in mills.
  • The hand-spun khadi provides large scale employment to weavers in their homes as a cottage industry.
  • India exports yarn to Japan.
  • Other importers of cotton goods from India are the U.S.A., U.K., Russia, France, East European countries, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and African countries.
  • India has the second-largest installed capacity of spindles in the world, next to China, at around 34 million (2003-04). Since the mid-eighties, the spinning sector has received a lot of attention.

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