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The Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress (1929) is very important in history, because

1. the Congress passed a resolution demanding complete independence

2. the rift between the extremists and moderates was resolved in that Session

3. a resolution was passed rejecting the two-nation theory in that Session

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 


1. 1 only
2. 2 and 3
3. 1 and 3
4. None of the above

1 Answer

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Best answer
Correct Answer - Option 1 : 1 only

The correct answer is 1 only.

About Lahore Congress Session:

  • The Indian National Congress (INC), on 19 December 1929, passed the historic "Purna Swaraj" – which means total independence resolution at its Lahore session. Hence statement 1 is correct.
  • A Public Announcement was made on 26 January 1930 a day which the Congress Party selected for the Indians to celebrate as "Independence Day".
  • Our First Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru presided over the Lahore Congress session. 
  • With the commencement of the Constitution of Purna Swaraj, the Indian Independence Act of 1947 and the Government of India Act of 1935, with all Enactments Amending or Supplementing the latter Act, were rescinded.
  • But, The Abolition of Privy Council Jurisdiction Act (1949) was however continued.

Surat Session-
  • The 1907 Surat session was popularly known as Surat Split as the Congress split into two groups. i.e. Extremists and Moderates.
  • It was presided by Moderate leader RasBehari Ghosh
  • Hence statement 2 is not correct.

Lahore Resolution:

  • This resolution demanded separate state for Muslims and was passed at Minto Park in Lahore where the Muslim League held their 3-day annual meeting in 1940.
  • In March 1940, in the League's annual three-day session in Lahore, Jinnah gave a two-hour speech in English, in which were laid out the arguments of the Two-nation theory, stating, in the words of historians Talbot and Singh, that "Muslims and Hindus…were irreconcilably opposed monolithic religious communities and as such, no settlement could be imposed that did not satisfy the aspirations of the former."
  • On the last day of its session, the League passed the Lahore Resolution, sometimes also called the "Pakistan Resolution," demanding that "the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in the majority as in the North-Western and Eastern zones of India should be grouped to constitute independent states in which the constituent units shall be autonomous and sovereign." 
  • The cabinet mission recommended an undivided India and rejected the demand of the Muslim League for a separate Pakistan. Hence statement 3 is not correct.

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