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In peraacute sepeticemia death occurs within how many hours?
1. 24 hours
2. 2 hours
3. 5 hour
4. 12 hours

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : 2 hours

The correct answer is 2 hours.

  • Bacillus anthracis causes Anthrax in animals.
  • Bacillus anthracis spores remain viable for many years in soil, water and animal hides and products.
  • The main routes of entry of endospores are by ingestion, from soil when grazing or in contaminated food and by infection of wounds.
  • Cattle, sheep and goats are most susceptible to infection.

 

  1. ​Symptoms:
  • In peracute sepeticemia death occurs within 2 hours after animal collapsing with convulsions, sudden death in animals that appeared normal is common.
  • In acute septicemia death occurs within 48 to 96 hours clinical signs include fever, anorexia, ruminal stasis, hematuria and blood tinged diarrhea.
  • Pregnant animals may abort and milk production often abruptly decreases.
  • Terminal signs include severe depression, respiratory distress and convulsions.

 

  1. Prevention and Control:
  • Prevention of anthrax in animals is aided by active immunization.
  • The organism is susceptible to penicillin-G, tetracyclines, erythromycin and chloramphenicol.

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