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Which of the following States is the largest producer of cardamom and pepper in India?
1. Tamil Nadu
2. Goa
3. Kerala
4. Maharashtra

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Kerala

The correct answer is Kerala.

  • Kerala is the largest producer of cardamom and pepper in India.
  • Cardamom is called the queen of spices.
  • The commercial part of cardamom is the fruit (capsule) of the plant that is used as a spice and a flavoring agent.
  • Kerala’s reputation as the land of spices goes back at least 3,000 years.
  • Kerala is known as the spice garden of India.
  • Traders from ancient Phoenicia made tours to Kerala to carry back spices to Mediterranean lands.
  • In the case of pepper, ginger, turmeric, nutmeg, and cardamom, there has been a decrease in productivity in the state due to adverse weather conditions like long dry spells and short periods of intense rainfall.
  • For cardamom, tropical, hot, and humid climates are suitable. The ideal humidity level is 75%. For the past few years, Kerala has been receiving only 40% of its share of summer rainfall.
  • In 2008- 09 Kerala became the largest pepper producer state with over 41,000 tonnes on 1.75 lakh hectares.
  • Presently, Kerala accounts for over 50 percent of India's total output.

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