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Deficiency of vitamin 'X' causes bleeding of gums. This vitamin is essential for absorption of mineral 'Y' and 'X' is found in food 'Z'. Identify X, Y and Z.
1. X-vitamin B, Y-calcium, Z-green leafy vegetables
2. X-vitamin A, Y-phosphorus, Z-poultry products
3. X-vitamin D, Y- calcium, Z-milk product
4. X-vitamin C, Y-iron, Z-citrus fruits

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : X-vitamin C, Y-iron, Z-citrus fruits


  • Vitamin A deficiency can lead to night blindness and poor vision.
  • B vitamins are a class of water-soluble vitamins.
  • Vitamin B refers to several different types of vitamins that, together, are known as the B-complex vitamins.
  • ​The commonly used Vitamin B Complex is constituted of 8 vitamins.
    • Thiamin (vitamin B-1)
    • Riboflavin (vitamin B-2)
    • Niacin (vitamin B-3)
    • Pantothenic acid (vitamin B-5)
    • Vitamin B-6
    • Biotin (vitamin B-7)
    • Folate (vitamin B-9)
    • Vitamin B-12
  • Deficiency of Vitamin C can cause scurvy, a disease that is characterised by bleeding gums, skin spots, and swelling in joints.
    • It also affects the immune system and can even be fatal in acute conditions.
  • Vitamin C has been shown to enhance iron absorption.
  • It captures non-heme iron and stores it in a form that's more easily absorbed by your body.
  • Foods high in vitamin C include citrus fruits, dark green leafy vegetables, bell peppers, melons and strawberries.
  • Citrus fruits are an excellent source of vitamin C. 

So from the above points, we can say that-

'X' = Vitamin C

'Y' = Iron (mineral)

'Z' =  (Food) Citrus fruits 

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