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With reference to the history of ancient India, which of the following was/were common to both Buddhism and Jainism?

1. Avoidance of extremities of penance and enjoyment

2. Indifferent to the authority of the Vedas

3. Denial of efficacy of rituals

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:  


1. 1 only
2. 2 and 3 only
3. 1 and 3 only
4. 1, 2 and 3

1 Answer

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Best answer
Correct Answer - Option 2 : 2 and 3 only

The correct answer is option 2.

  • Buddhism advocated a middle path that is the avoidance of extremities of penance and enjoyment.
  • On the other hand, Jainism advocated extreme penance and asceticism.​
  • Buddhism and Jainism rejected the notion of grand rituals along with the authority of the Vedas and the priestly class.
  • Buddhism and Jainism believe in the concept of reincarnation, which is the rebirth of the soul in a new body after the death of the previous body.

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