Correct Answer - Option 3 : 23.3 mm

__Concept:__

As per IS 456: 2000, clause 25.4,

Minimum Eccentricity

All columns shall be designed for minimum eccentricity, equal to the addition of the unsupported length of column divided by 500 and lateral dimensions divided by 30, subject to a minimum of 20 mm.

Where biaxial bending is considered, it is sufficient to ensure that eccentricity exceeds the minimum about one axis at a time.

__Calculation:__

Unsupported length = 5000 mm

Size of the column = 400 mm

Minimum eccentricity = \(\frac{L}{{500}} + \frac{B}{{30}} \)

\(e_{min}= \;\frac{{5000}}{{500}} + \frac{{400}}{{30}} = 23.33\;mm\;\)

But, in no case, the minimum eccentricity should be less than 20 mm.