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Which Article gives the list of 29 functions to be performed by the Panchayati Raj Institutions?
1. Article 243 (H)
2. Article 243(E)
3. Article 243(F)
4. Article 243(G)
5. None of the above/More than one of the above

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Article 243(G)

The correct answer is Article 243(G).

  •  Article 243 (H)
    • Powers to impose taxes by, and Funds of, the Panchayats.
  • Article 243(E)
    • Duration of Panchayats, etc.
  • Article 243(F)
    • Disqualifications for membership.
  • Article 243(G)
    • Powers, authority, and responsibilities of Panchayats.
    • It has provisions of the implementation of schemes for economic development and social justice as may be entrusted to them including those in relation to the matters listed in the Eleventh Schedule.
  • The 11th schedule contains the provisions that specify the powers, authority, and responsibilities of Panchayats. It has 29 matters.

  • The 29 matters are-
    • Agriculture, including agricultural extension.
    • Land improvement, implementation of land reforms, land consolidation, and soil conservation.
    • Minor irrigation, water management, and watershed development.
    • Animal husbandry, dairying, and poultry.
    • Fisheries.
    • Social forestry and farm forestry.
    • The minor forest produces.
    • Small scale industries, including food processing industries.
    • Khadi, village, and cottage industries.
    • Rural housing.
    • Drinking water.
    • Fuel and fodder.
    • Roads, culverts, bridges, ferries, waterways, and other means of communication.
    • Rural electrification, including distribution of electricity.
    • Non-conventional energy sources.
    • Poverty alleviation program.
    • Education, including primary and secondary schools.
    • Technical training and vocational education.
    • Adult and non-formal education.
    • Libraries.
    • Cultural activities.
    • Markets and fairs.
    • Health and sanitation, including hospitals, primary health centers, and dispensaries.
    • Family welfare.
    • Women and child development.
    • Social welfare, including the welfare of the handicapped and mentally retarded.
    • The welfare of the weaker sections, and in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.
    • Public distribution system.
    • Maintenance of community assets.

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