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Which is the social need of adolescents?
1. Oxygen
2. Sex
3. Hunger
4. Security

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Security

Childhood refers to the period of the human lifespan, ranging from birth to puberty. It consists of many developmental stages and 'adolescence' is one of them.

  • 'Adolescence' comes from the Latin word 'Adolescere' which means 'to grow to become mature'. It a stage which lies between the age of '12 to 19 years'.
  • Need is a condition or state of mind that prompts or persuades us to act or behave in a specific way. Every individual has some desires that are considered as his needs.
  • The needs of an individual can be classified into: 
    • Socio-psychological needs: love, security, freedom, social-acceptance, and social-company
    • Biological needs: food, sleep, and the need for regular elimination of waste products from the body.

Social needs of adolescents

Need for freedom
  • Adolescents have an urge to remain free and independent which gives rise to their need for freedom.
Need for security
  • One needs desirable emotional, social, and economical security for his well-being. 
  • Every adolescent needs to feel secure not only to save themselves from the physical dangers but also from socio-psychological angles.
Need for love and affection
  • Each adolescent irrespective of age, caste, color, and creed, has a strong desire to love and be loved.
  • This need for love and affection is exhibited universally by all adolescents in the age group that ranges from 10 years to 19 years.
Need to achieve
  • Adolescents have a strong desire to achieve some things like money, fame, merit, medals, etc.
  • They need to achieve all these things not only for raising his status but also for the satisfaction he draws from his own environment.
Need for social approval
  • All adolescents want their actions to be recognized, appreciated, socially approved in the eye of others.
  • They may show this desire in surpassing other students of his class to gain social status, prestige, and approval from his fellow students, teachers, and parents.
Need for social company
  • The man considered a social animal in the sense that he has a strong urge to be with his own kind and maintain social relations with them.
  • Adolescents want to be with their social groups in order to gain social acceptance, social prestige, etc.

 

Hence, it could be concluded that the need for security is the social need of adolescents.

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