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Which crop group out of the following contains crop/crops that cannot be used for biofuel production ?
1. Jatropha, Sugarcane, Palm
2. Lentil, Sugarbeet, Wheat
3. Soyabean, Corn, Rapeseed
4. Sugarcane, Corn, Mustards

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Lentil, Sugarbeet, Wheat

The correct answer is Lentil, Sugarbeet, Wheat.

  • The primary biofuels are directly produced from burning woody or cellulosic plant material and dry animal waste.
  • The secondary biofuels can be classified into three generations that are each indirectly generated from plant and animal material.
  • There are various ways of making biofuels, but they generally use chemical reactions, fermentation, and heat to break down the starches, sugars, and other molecules in plants.
  • Energy crops, so-called, include corn, soybean, palm, Rapeseed, Mustards, sugarcane is used for the production of biofuel.

  • Examples of biofuels include ethanol (often made from corn), biodiesel (sourced from vegetable oils and liquid animal fats), green diesel (derived from algae and other plant sources), and biogas (methane derived from animal manure and other digested organic material).
  • Biofuels can be solid, liquid, or gaseous.
    • They are most useful in the latter two forms as this makes it easier to transport, deliver, and burn cleanly.

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