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Match List-I with List-II

List-I
(Synonyms of Shifting
Cultivation in India)
List-II
(Region)
 a. Jhum  i. South-East Rajashtan
 b. Kumari  ii. North-East India
 c. Watra  iii. Andhra Pradesh
 d. Podu  iv. the Western Ghats
 

Choose the correct option from those given below:


1. a - i, b - ii, c - iii, d - iv
2. a - ii, b - iv, c - i, d - iii
3. a - iii, b - i, c - iv, d - ii
4. a - iv, b - iii, c - ii, d - i

1 Answer

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Best answer
Correct Answer - Option 2 : a - ii, b - iv, c - i, d - iii
List-I
(Synonyms of Shifting
Cultivation in India)
List-II
(Region)
 a. Jhum   ii. North-East India
 b. Kumari  iv. the Western Ghats
 c. Watra   i. South-East Rajashtan
 d. Podu  iii. Andhra Pradesh

The correct option a - ii, b - iv, c - i, d - iii

Synonyms of Shifting
Cultivation in India
Region Characteristics
 a. Jhum Northeast India in States like Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Manipur.
  • It is also known as the slash and burn agriculture
  • Practiced by the tribal groups in the northeastern states
  • First clearing the land of trees and vegetation and burning them thereafter.
  • The burnt soil contains potash which increases the nutrient content of the soil.
 b. Kumari   Hilly Region of the Western Ghats of Kerala. Kaman, Vinga and Dhavi.
  • It is a type of shifting agriculture done in the western ghats.
  • Farmers cultivate ragi and proso millet alternately after a gap of 16 years since 1927 in the district.
  • These farmers were paying nominal rent every year to the forest department for cultivating the land.
 c. Watra  South-eastern Rajasthan
  • It is a type of shifting cultivation has been described as an economy of which the main characteristics are rotation of fields rather than rotation of crops, absence of draught animals and manuring, use of human la­bour only, employment of dibble stick or hoe, and a short period of oc­cupancy alternating with long fallow periods.
 d. Podu  ‘Podu’ or ‘Penda’ in Andhra Pradesh
  • It is a traditional system of cultivation used by tribes in India, whereby different areas of jungle forest are cleared by burning each year to provide land for crops.
  • The word comes from the Telugu language. 
  • Podu is a form of shifting agriculture using slash-and-burn methods.

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