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In the Northern Hemisphere, two weeks after ______, the Earth is in its orbit around the Sun at the Aphelion.
1. winter solstice
2. autumnal equinox
3. vernal equinox
4. summer solstice

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : summer solstice

The correct answer is the summer solstice.

  • The summer solstice, also known as estival solstice or midsummer.
  • It occurs when one of the Earth's poles has its maximum tilt toward the Sun. It happens twice yearly, once in each hemisphere (Northern and Southern).
  • For that hemisphere, the summer solstice is when the Sun reaches its highest position in the sky and is the day with the longest period of daylight.
  • Within the Arctic circle (for the northern hemisphere) or Antarctic circle (for the southern hemisphere), there is continuous daylight around the summer solstice.
  • On the summer solstice, Earth's maximum axial tilt toward the Sun is 23.44°. Likewise, the Sun's declination from the celestial equator is 23.44°.
  • The summer solstice occurs during summer. This is the June solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the December solstice in the Southern Hemisphere.
  • Depending on the shift of the calendar, the summer solstice occurs sometime between June 20 and June 22 in the Northern Hemisphere.

  •  Winter Solstice: The winter solstice, hiemal solstice, or hibernal solstice occurs when one of the Earth's poles has its maximum tilt away from the Sun. 
  • Vernal Equinox: The March equinox or northward equinox is the equinox on the Earth when the subsolar point appears to leave the Southern Hemisphere and cross the celestial equator, heading northward as seen from Earth. 
  • The March equinox is known as the vernal equinox (spring equinox) in the Northern Hemisphere and as the autumnal equinox in the Southern hemisphere.

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