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Which of the following mountains is the exact example of residual mountains ?
1. Nilgiri
2. Satpura
3. Himalaya
4. Aravalli

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Aravalli

The correct answer is ​Aravalli.

  • A mountain or landform that has been cut down by denudation becomes low and flat.

  • Since it is the residual part of an earlier mountain or plateau it is called residual mountains and is made up of relatively hard rocks.
  • The erosion of soft rocks in an area is rapid whereas erosion of resistant rocks is low thus a degraded and flat area with hard and resistant rocks is formed.
  • It is a mountain range in Northwestern India, running approximately 670 km in a southwest direction, starting near Delhi, passing through south Haryana and Rajasthan, and ending in Gujarat
  • The highest peak is Guru Shikhar at 1,722 meters (5,650 ft).
  • Aravalli is the oldest mountain range in the world and is very rich in natural resources.
  • Aravalli is an example of residual mountains.

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