Correct Answer - Option 3 : personality
Personality is all that a person is. It is the totality of one’s behaviour towards one’s own self as well as others. It includes everything about the person, his/her physical, emotional, social, mental, and spiritual make-up.
Projective techniques of personality measurement are the tests which are designed to:
reveal those central aspects of personality that lie in the unconscious mind of an individual.
- evaluate a per son's interests, attitudes, pattern of thought, etc while giving responses to ambiguous test materials.
There are different kinds of Projective techniques of personality measurement and 'Thematic Apperception Test' is one of them.
Henry Murray, an American psychologist, created history by constructing the 'Thematic Appreciation Test'.
- In this test, ambiguous pictures or test materials are given to participants. This test can uncover a person’s true personality, their capacity for emotional control.
- It is designed to reveal and evaluate a person's interests, attitudes, observation power, pattern of thought, etc. while giving responses to ambiguous test materials.
Hence, it could be concluded that the 'Thematic Apperception Test' is a device for measuring personality.
Intelligence: Intelligence can be defined as the ability to grasp information, understanding concept, and solving problems.
Aptitude: It is the present performance of an individual that shows future achievement. It refers to the inborn potential to learn and do a specific area of work effectively.