Correct Answer - Option 3 : intelligence
Intelligence refers to the capacity to acquire and apply knowledge. It is the ability to solve problems, learn from experiences, and apply knowledge to deal with new situations.
- It includes the capacity to understand novel stimuli, learn a language, communicate with others, be aware of the environment, and to reason, plan, and solve problems creatively.
Binet-Simon intelligence test was the first intelligence test, developed by Binet and Simon (1905). It was one of the popular intelligence tests among psychologists.
- In 1911, the Binet-Simon scale was revised for the third time. More items were added to extend the scale up to the age group of 16 years.
- The American version of the Binet-Simon test was developed by Terman and Merrill at Stanford University in 1916. It is known as the Stanford-Binet Intelligence scale
- It is used for assessing general intellectual ability. It measures general mental abilities, not specific ones.
- This scale consisted of 30 problems measuring a variety of functions, such as judgment, comprehension, and reasoning.
- Binet believed that these functions are the essential components of intelligence. The items were arranged in ascending order of difficulty.
- The items were administered to 50 normal children of 3 to 11 years of age, some mentally retarded children, and some adults to determine the difficulty level of the items.
Hence, we can conclude that the 'Satnford - Binet Test' measures intelligence.