Correct Answer - Option 2 : Barrackpore
The Revolt of 1857 was the result of the character and the policies of British colonial rule. The causes of revolt emerged from all aspects- socio-cultural, economic, and political.
Revolt of 1857:
- The Revolt was started on 29th March 1857.
- The 19th Infantry at Berhampur (Barrackpore), refused to use the newly introduced Enfield rifle.
- The infantry was disbanded.
- Mangal Pandey, a sepoy of the 34th Native Infantry at Barrackpore attacked and fired at his British Officers.
- The mutiny was suppressed and the leader of the mutiny, Mangal Pandey, was finally trial and executed.
From the above, it is clear that the first signs of unrest appear early on 29th March 1857 at Berhampur (Barrackpore) which is in Bengal.
- 90 men of the 3rd Native Cavalry stationed at Meerut refused to use the greased cartridge.
- 85 of them were dismissed and sentenced to 10years imprisonment on 9th May.
- The next day, on 10th May, the entire Indian Garrison revolted.
- On 11th May 1857, a band of sepoys from Meerut, who had disobeyed and killed the European officers the previous day, marched to the Red Fort (Delhi).