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The capital of Kashi was ______.
1. Pataliputra
2. Varanasi
3. Taxila
4. Kaushambi

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Varanasi

The correct answer is Varanasi.

  • The capital of Kashi (Mahajanapada) was Varanasi.
  • This city got its name from rivers Varuna and Asi as cited in the Matsya Purana.
  • Kingdoms that rose to fame from the 6th Century BC onward were called Mahajanapdas.
  • The Mahajanapadas signify the tribes that came together to form different groups and later gave rise to a permanent area of settlements called ‘states’ or ‘Janapadas.’

Mahajanapada Capital Present Location
Kasi Varanasi Varanasi
Kosala  Sravasti Uttar Pradesh East
Anga Champa Bhagalpur and Munger
Magadha Rajagriha Gaya and Patna
Vajji Vaishali Bihar
Malla Kusinara Deoria and Uttar Pradesh
Chedi Sothivati Bundelkhand, MP
Vatsa Kusambi Prayagraj
Kuru Indraprastha Meerut and Haryana
Panchala Kampliya Uttar Pradesh West
Matsya Viratnagar Jaipur
Surasena Mathura Uttar Pradesh West
Assaka Paithan Bank of Godavari
Avanti Ujjaini Madhya Pradesh/Malwa
Gandhara Taxila Rawalpindi
Kamboja Pooncha Kashmir and Hindukush

 

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