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Who among the following is known for his work on Medicine during the Gupta period?
1. Shaunak
2. Nagarjuna
3. Charaka
4. Sushruta

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Sushruta

The correct answer is Sushruta.

  • Sushruta is the most celebrated physician and surgeon in India.
  • He is known for his work on medicine during the Gupta period
  • Though he practiced during the 5th century B.C., many of his contributions to medicine and surgery preceded similar discoveries in the Western world.
  • Susrutha Samitha was written by Susrutha.
  • He was said to have been the best surgeon during the Gupta period.
  • Sushruta devotes a complete volume of his experiences to ophthalmologic diseases.
  • The Gupta Dynasty ruled the mid-to-late 3rd century (approximately) to 543 AD. Founded by Sri Gupta.
Shaunak
  • He was the son of Gritsamada and invented the system of the four levels of human life.
Nagarjuna
  • He is known as a Buddhist monk, a scholar, and the founder of the Madhyamaka school of Buddhist philosophy.
  • He is known as the Einstein of India.
Charaka (1st-2nd centuries
C.E.
)
  • He is usually known as the father of Indian medicine.
  • He was one of the principal contributors to Ayurveda, a system of medicine and lifestyle developed in Ancient India.
  • He lived during the reign of Kanishka, the king of the Kushan dynasty that ruled over the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, Afghanistan, and possibly areas of Central Asia north of the Kashmir region.

Gupta Dynasty:

  • The founder of the Gupta dynasty was Sri Gupta. 
  • He was succeeded by Ghatotkacha. These two were called Maharajas.
  • The next ruler was Chandragupta I and he was the first to be called Maharajadhiraja.
  • Chandragupta, I was succeeded by Samudragupta in about 330 A.D., who reigned for about fifty years.
  • He was a great military genius and is said to have commanded a military campaign across the Deccan, and also subdued the forest tribes of the Vindhya region. 
  • Samudragupta's successor Chandragupta II, also known as Vikramaditya, conquered the extensive territories of Malwa, Gujarat and Kathiawar.

Some famous events during the rule of Gupta Kings:

  • The famous Chinese pilgrim, Fahien visited India during the reign of Chandragupta II.
  • Out of his nine years of stay in India, he spent six years in the Gupta empire.
  • Chandragupta II waged war against the Saka satraps of western India.
  • Rudrasimha III, the last ruler of the Saka satrap was defeated, dethroned, and killed. His territories in western Malwa and the Kathiawar Peninsula were annexed into the Gupta Empire.
  • Kumaragupta laid the foundation of Nalanda University.

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