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A three-phase, six-pole, star-connected alternator has the following specifications:

Flux per pole is 0.1 Wb

54 slots in stator

Double layer winding

Each coil has 8 turns

Coil is chorded by 1 slot.

Find the no-load phase voltage in the alternator running at 1200 rpm. Assume distribution and pitch factors are unity.
1. 1.92 kV
2. 1.82 kV
3. 1.72 kV
4. 2.2 kV

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Best answer
Correct Answer - Option 1 : 1.92 kV

Concept:

The induced emf in an alternator is given by the formula:

E = 4.44 × ϕ × f × Nph × kc × kd

\({k_c} = \cos \frac{{n\alpha }}{2}\)

\({k_d} = \frac{{\sin \left( {\frac{{nm\beta }}{2}} \right)}}{{m\sin \left( {\frac{{n\beta }}{2}} \right)}}\)

ϕ is the flux per pole

f is the frequency

Nph – turns per phase

kc – chording factor

kd – distribution factor

β – slot angle (electrical)

m – slots per pole per phase

α – chording angle

Calculation:

Given that, flux (ϕ) = 0.1 Wb

Slots = 54

Turns in each coil = 8

Speed (Ns) = 1200

Number of poles (P) = 6

\({N_s} = 1200 = \frac{{120 \times f}}{6}\)

⇒ f = 60 Hz

Turns per phase \(\frac{{54}}{{3 \times 2}} \times 8 = 72\)

Kc = Kd = 1

The no-load phase voltage in the alternator is,

E = 4.44 × 0.1 × 60 × 72 × 1 × 1

= 1.92 kV

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