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Students are passive in
1. project method
2. discovery method
3. inquiry method
4. lecture method

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : lecture method

Teachers are required to employ a wide variety of methodologies based on the age, characteristics, and needs of the students. Some methods are teacher-centered while some are learner-centered.

The lecture method is one of the most commonly used methods of teaching. It is a method of teaching whereby the teacher attempts to explain facts, principles, or relationships to help students to understand. 

  • Lecture method is a teacher-centric method in which the teacher delivers lectures on different topics.
  • These topics don't require such understanding and calculation which couldn't be possible by lectures only.
  • The teacher talks more or less continuously to the class. The class listens, writes, and notes facts and ideas for remembering and to think them over later.
  • The teacher is an active participant, the students are passive listeners. Usually, the students do not converse with the teacher during the lecture by the teacher.

Hence, we can conclude that the students are passive in 'Lecture method'.

The student-centric​ approach emphasizes the child's active involvement in the construction of knowledge. It incluses:

Project Method:

  • It is a method that emphasizes the voluntary participation of students by working in a group to complete a specific project.
  • It ensures the transmission of practical knowledge to students and active learning by the mutual co-operation of a group of peers.

Discovery Method:

  • It is a self-discovery approach makes the process of problem-solving and decision making quick and efficient.
  • It emphasizes the active involvement of students to boost their understanding and promotes the use of critical thinking and brainstorming.

Inquiry method:

  • ​It refers to a method which emphasizes to connect child with their own experiences by enabling them to pose questions and make decisions in search of new understanding.

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