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In the Battle of Haldi Ghati, Rana Pratap of Mewar was defeated by
1. Bhagawan Das
2. Man Singh
3. Ratan Singh
4. None of them

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Man Singh

The Battle of Haldighati was a battle fought on 18 June 1576 between the armies of the Rana Pratap, and the Mughal emperor Akbar’s forces, led by Man Singh I of Amber.

Although the battle ended in defeat for the forces of Mewar, and Maharana Pratap escaped continuing his valiant resistance against the Mughal Empire.

Battle of Haldighati:

  • Akbar had steadily settled his relationship with most of the Rajput states, with the exception of Mewar.
  • The Rana of Mewar, who was also the head of the distinguished Sisodia clan, had refused to submit to the Mughal. This had led to the Siege of Chittorgarh in 1568, during the reign of Udai Singh II, ending with the loss of a sizeable area of fertile territory in the eastern half of Mewar to the Mughals.
  • When Rana Pratap succeeded his father on the throne of Mewar, Akbar dispatched a series of diplomatic embassies to him, entreating the Rajput king to become his vassal. Besides his desire to resolve this longstanding issue, Akbar wanted the woody and hilly terrain of Mewar under his control to secure lines of communication with Gujarat.
  • The first emissary was Jalal Khan Qureshi, a favoured servant of Akbar, who was unsuccessful in his mission.
  • Next, Akbar sent Man Singh of Amber (later, Jaipur), a fellow Rajput of the Kachhwa clan, whose fortunes had soared under the Mughals. But he too failed to convince Pratap. 
  • Raja Bhagwant Das was Akbar's third choice, and he fared better than his predecessors. 
  • Rana Pratap was swayed sufficiently to don a robe presented by Akbar and sent his young son, Amar Singh, to the Mughal court. This was, however, deemed unsatisfactory by Akbar, who wanted the Rana himself to submit to him in person.
  • A final emissary, Todar Mal, was sent to Mewar without any favourable outcome. With diplomacy having failed, war was inevitable.
  • Rana Pratap, who had been secure in the rock-fortress of Kumbhalgarh, set up his base in the town of Gogunda near Udaipur.
  • Akbar deputed the Kachhwa, Man Singh, to battle with his clan's hereditary adversaries, the Sisodias of Mewar. Man Singh set up his base at Mandalgarh, where he mobilized his army and set out for Gogunda.
  • Around 14 miles (23 km) north of Gogunda lay the village of Khamnor, separated from Gogunda by a spur of the Aravalli Range called "Haldighati" for its rocks which, when crushed, produced bright yellow sand resembling turmeric powder (Haldi).
  • The Rana, who had been apprised of Man Singh's movements, was positioned at the entrance of the Haldighati pass, awaiting Man Singh and his forces. The battle commenced three hours after sunrise on 18 June 1576.
  • With Rana Pratap able to make a successful escape, the battle failed to break the deadlock between the two powers. Subsequently, Akbar led a sustained campaign against the Rana, and soon, GogandaUdaipur, and Kumbhalgarh were all under his control.

​Hence, the correct answer is Man Singh.

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