Correct Answer - Option 2 : Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
The correct answer is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is known as the 'Father of the Nation' in India.
- The Parliament of Independent India officially recognized Gandhiji as the Father of the Nation.
- Generally, the first President of an independent country is given such a title. Subhash Chandra Bose chose such a title because he had seen the role of Gandhiji in building India as an independent nation.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was the first person to call Mahatma Gandhi as a Father of Nation’ from Azad Hind Radio on July 6th, 1944.
- He gave the famous slogan, ”Jai Hind” from Free India Center, Germany.
- He formed the ‘Freedom Army’ which consisted of all prisoners of war captured by Germany with the help of Hitler.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi:-
- He was a Barrister or Lawyer by profession.
- In 1888, MK Gandhi went to London, England, to study law.
- Apart from completing legal education from England, he had to learn Indian law in Bombay.
- During his first stay in London, from 1888 to 1891, he joined the executive committee of the London Vegetarian Society.
Bhim Rao Ambedkar:-
- He is considered as the Father of the Indian Constitution.
- He was the chief architect of the Constitution of India.
- He was appointed Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee in 1947.
- He was independent of India's first Minister of Law and Justice.
- He was born in 1863.
- He founded the Ramakrishna Mission in May 1897.
- He died in 1902 at Belur Math in West Bengal.
- He was influenced by Ramakrishna Paramahansa who was also his Guru.
Mahadev Govind Ranade:-
- He was one of India’s Citpavan Brahmans of Maharashtra who was a judge of the High Court of Bombay,
- He is a noted historian and an active participant in social and economic reform movements.