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The main seat (Peeth) of Varkari sect is situated at:


1. Shringeri
2. Pandharpur
3. Nadia
4. Varanasi

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Pandharpur

The correct answer is Pandharpur.

  • The main seat (Peeth) of Varkari sect is situated at Pandharpur.

  • Varkari sect:
    • Varkari is a school of Bhakti based on Bhagavata Dharma, the main deity worshipped being Vithoba or Vitthal. 
    • The term Varkari is made up to two words - "Vari" means moving on pilgrimage, and "Kari" means one who undertakes it. 
    • Varkari is a religious movement within the bhakti spiritual tradition of Hinduism.
    • It is geographically associated with Maharashtra.
    • Varkaris worship Vithoba (also known as Vitthal), the presiding deity of Pandharpur.
    • Vithoba is a form of Krishna, an avatar (incarnation) of Vishnu.
    • Because of this association with Vishnu, Varkari is a branch of Vaishnavism.
    • The teachers responsible for establishing the movement through its history include:
      • Dnyaneshwar,
      • Namdev,
      • Tukaram,
      • Chokhamela

 

  • Features of a Varkari (Principles on which he lives):

    • Varkaris are a strict vegetarian.
    • They wear a mala or rosary of Tulasi beads, round his neck.
    • Fasting on Ekadashi (Twice in a month).
    • They follow brahmacharya (self-restraint) during student life.

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