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Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion A and the other is labelled as Reason R.

Assertion A: Despite increasing vulnerability to natural disasters many communities resist adopting mitigation programmes and measures.

Reason R: Mitigation is often perceived by communities as being incompatible with their cultural practices.

In the light of the above statements, choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:


1. Both A and R are correct and R is the correct explanation of A
2. Both A and R are correct but R is NOT the correct explanation of A
3. A is correct but R is not correct
4. A is not correct but R is correct

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : A is correct but R is not correct

Assertion A: Despite increasing vulnerability to natural disasters many communities resist adopting mitigation programmes and measures.

  • Mitigation are actions taken to prevent or reduce the risk to life, property, social and economic activities, and natural resources from natural hazards, is central to the Decade initiative.
  • Awareness, education, preparedness, and prediction and warning systems can reduce the disruptive impacts of a natural disaster on communities.
  • Mitigation measures such as the adoption of zoning, land-use practices, and building codes are needed, however, to prevent or reduce actual damage from hazards.
  • Despite increasing vulnerability to natural disasters, many communities resist adopting mitigation programs.

Reason R: Mitigation is often perceived by communities as being incompatible with their cultural practices

  • The barriers towards mitigation adoption, are economic, social, and political, and mitigation is often perceived as restrictive, costly, and incompatible with the community's economic development goals and not due to their cultural practices.
  • Mitigation may involve solutions that are technically sound but politically unpopular. In this context, elected officials are often reluctant to pursue mitigation programs vigorously.

Therefore, A is correct but R is not correct.

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