Correct Answer - Option 2 : Samudragupta
The correct answer is Samudragupta.
- The Gupta empire was founded by Sri Gupta.
- The Gupta Empire rose in Magadha around the 4th century AD and covered the greater part of Northern India.
- The Gupta Period is popularly known as the ‘Golden Age of India’.
- There is very little information about the first two rulers of the Gupta dynasty.
- The important rulers of the Gupta dynasty were:
Chandragupta I - (320 - 330 A.D.)
Samudragupta - (330 - 380 A.D.)
Chandragupta II - (480 - 415 A.D.)
Kumaragupta - (415 - 455 A.D.)
Samudragupta (335AD-380 AD):
- Samudragupta was the greatest king of the Gupta dynasty.
- The most detailed and authentic record of his reign is preserved in the Prayaga Prasasti/Allahabad pillar inscription which was composed by his court poet Harisena.
- His military campaigns justify the description of him as the Napoleon of India by V.A. Smith.
- He assumed titles such as Kaviraja Param Bhagavat Ashvamedha, parakrama Vikram Sarva-rajochchhetta.
Thus, Samudragupta is called the 'Napoleon of India'.
- Chandragupta Maurya was called Sandrocottus/Androcottus by Greek scholars.
- Ashoka was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty. Ashoka was also known as Devanam Priyadasi.