Correct Answer - Option 2 : Aurangzeb
Jizya tax was imposed on Hindus.
Historically, the jizya tax has been understood in Islam as a fee for protection provided by the Muslim ruler to non-Muslims, for the exemption from military service for non-Muslims, for the permission to practice a non-Muslim faith with some communal autonomy in a Muslim state, and as material proof of the non-Muslims’ submission to the Muslim state and its laws.
- In 1579, the third Mughal emperor Akbar abolished the jizya.
- In 1679, Aurangzeb decided to re-impose jizya on non-Muslim subjects in lieu of military service, a decision that was widely criticized by many Hindu rulers and Mughal court officials.
Thus, it is clear that Aurangzeb reimposed "Jaziya".