Correct Answer - Option 3 : 80 V

__Concept:__

EMF equation of a DC Generator:

As the armature rotates, a voltage is generated in its coils, which is called Generated EMF or Armature EMF, and is denoted by Eg.

\({E_g} = \frac{{\phi ZNP}}{{60A}}\)

Where,

Eg = Generated EMF

P = Number of poles of the machine

ϕ = Flux per pole in weber

Z = Total number of armature conductors

N = Speed of armature in revolution per minute (r.p.m)

A = Number of parallel paths in the armature winding

Also,

A = P ⋅ m

Where,

m = Multiplexity (simplex/duplex)

In wave winding, multiplexity is always 2 (two)

Therefore, A = 2

While in lap winding, there are two types:

- Simplex Lap winding: m = 1

∴ A = P

- Duplex Lap winding: m = 2

∴ A = 2P

NOTE:

If multiplexity is not mentioned, then always take simplex lap winding i.e. m = 1

__Application:__

P = 4

Z = 800

ϕ = 10 mWb = 10 × 10^{-3} Wb

N = 600 rpm

A = P = 4

\({E_g} = \frac{{\phi ZNP}}{{60A}} = \frac{{10 \times 10^{-3}\;\times \;800\; \times\;600\; \times \;4}}{{60\;\times\;4}}=80\;V\)

**∴ The EMF generated is 80 V.**