Correct Answer - Option 2 : Summative
Assessment is the process of collecting, reviewing and using data for improvement in the learning process.
Evaluation is described as the process of passing judgement based on some set standards. It is the decision making process.
(Measurement in an evaluation process that is expressed in terms of quantity)
Types of Assessment –
Formative assessment - Assessment during instruction, immediate assessment or feedback during instruction or on-going programme. For example, during teaching in a class teacher ask questions, the teacher says to discuss among peer groups, teacher receive feedback from students during teaching etc.
Summative Assessment - Assessment after the instruction. For example, after completion of a class, the teacher gives questions to students to assess their learning of the entire class, students give feedback after the class. It should be noted that:
- Summative assessment occurs at the end of the session, it covers complete content areas. It assesses the complete learner’s performance at the end of the session.
- Summative assessment tells about the complete performance of an individual.
Assessment for learning – during instruction
Assessment of learning - after instruction
Assessment as learning - self-assessment in students
Hence, we conclude that the above statement is about summative assessment.