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Takshashila, an ancient centre for higher learning in India, was declared as a heritage site by the UNESCO in
1. 1980
2. 1982
3. 1984
4. 1986

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : 1980
Takshashila or Taxila :
  • Takshashila was a noted centre of learning, including religious teachings of Buddhism.
  • It continued to attract students from around the world until its destruction in the 5th century CE.
  • It was known for its higher education and the curriculum comprised the study of ancient scriptures, law, medicine, astronomy, military science and the eighteen silpas or arts.
  • Among its noted pupils were the legendary Indian grammarian, Panini.
    • Panini was an expert in language and grammar and authored one of the greatest works on grammar called Ashtadhyayi.
    • Jivaka, one of the most renowned physicians in ancient India, and Chanakya (also known as Kautilya), a skilled exponent of statecraft, both studied here.
    • Students came to Takshashila from Kashi, Kosala, Magadha and also from other countries in spite of the long and arduous journey they had to undertake.
  • Takshashila was an ancient Indian city, which is now in north-western Pakistan.
  • It is an important archaeological site and the UNESCO declared it to be a World Heritage Site in 1980.
  • Archaeologist Alexander Cunningham discovered its ruins in the mid-19th century.

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