Correct Answer - Option 3 : Self-initiated learning
- Carl Ransom Rogers was an American psychologist and among the founders of the humanistic approach to psychology.
- Self-regulated learning refers to one's ability to understand and control one's learning environment.
- Self- regulation abilities include goal-setting, self-monitoring, self-instruction, and self-reinforcement.
- Self-regulated learning is one of the domains of self-regulation and is aligned most closely with educational aims.
- Broadly speaking, it refers to learning that is guided by metacognition, strategic action, and motivation to learn.
- Reception Learning is a learning theory of instruction proposed by Ausubel who believed that learners can learn best when the new material being taught can be anchored into existing cognitive information in the learners.
- According to Ausubel, people acquire knowledge primarily through Reception rather than through discovery.
- Concepts, principles, and ideas are presented and understood, not discovered.
- The more organized and focused the presentation, the more thoroughly the individual will learn.
- The ultimate goal is to engage children in the possibility of learning so that they carry forth the enthusiasm, self-esteem, and initiative to learn in the future.
self-initiated, evaluated by the learner, and pervasive effects on learner.
- Discovery learning takes place in problem-solving situations where the learner draws on his own experience and prior knowledge.
- It is a method of instruction through which students interact with their environment by exploring and manipulating objects, wrestling with questions and controversies, or performing
- Discovery learning is a technique of inquiry-based learning and is considered a constructivist based approach to education.
As, Roger's theory of learning prescribes a learning environment that focuses on the following qualities in instruction; personal involvement, self-initiated projects, evaluation by the learner, and pervasive effect of instruction on the learner. Therefore, the techniques in respect of 'human learning context' advocated by Carl Rogers were Self-initiated learning.