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Which of the following is not a prem-margi nirguna bhakti saint?
1. Mulla Daud
2. Qutban
3. Manjhan
4. Maluk Das

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Maluk Das
At a different level, historians of religion often classify bhakti traditions into two broad categories: Saguna (with attributes) and Nirguna (without attributes).
  • Saguna Bhakti included traditions that focused on the worship of specific deities such as Shiva, Vishnu and his avatars (incarnations) and forms of the goddess or Devi, all often conceptualized in anthropomorphic forms.
  • Sagun Bhakti refers to devotion and prayer to god having some form and with attributes whereas Nirguna Bhakti refers to devotion and prayer to formlessness god without any attributes
  • Nirguna bhakti, on the other hand, was the worship of an abstract form of god.

  • Maluk Das (1574–1682) was an Indian devotional poet of India. He was born in Kada, near Allahabad.
  • Themes of his songs such as social reform, religious tolerance, goodwill among men, equality and the oneness of God, resemble other singers of the Bhakti movement such as Kabir and Guru Nanak.
  • He also advocated the principle of one god worship. According to him, God is formless and can be worshipped from our soul, and he is occupying in each and everything.
  • He was against idol worship, Hindu rituals and customs and doing pujas to god. Emperor Aurangazeb realizes his importance and gifted some villages to him.
  • Maluk Das believes in God as a formless Being and the Creator and Sustainer of the universe, Who, at the same time, pervades through each and every shape. Maluk Das addresses Him by several names, e.g. Nirankar (That which has no shape), Avinashi (That which does not perish), Allah, Parameshwar, Jyoti Saroop (The form of Light), Parmanand (The absolute Joy), Sirjanhaar (The Creator), etc.

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