Correct Answer - Option 1 : Qazi Mughisuddin
The correct answer is option 1) Qazi Mughisuddin.
Allauddin Khilji came to the throne of Delhi Sultanate in 1296 after killing the reigning Sultan, Jalaluddin Khalji, his uncle and father-in-law.
- His original name was ''Ali Gurshasp''.
- Even as a prince he had shown a passion for conquering far off territories and had led armies for it.
- He wanted to become a world conqueror.
- In his coins, he described himself as Sikandar Sanni (Second Alexander).
- Once on the throne, among his severest challenges was facing six major Mongol attacks, often at the head of vast armies of a lakh or more.
- He led campaign several against Gujarat, Mewar, Malwa etc. and also in the South and conquered them.
Qazi Mughisuddin was a theologian in Allauddin's court.
- Qazi Mughisuddin advised Allauddin Khilji to act according to the laws of Shariat, but the Sultan rejected his advice.
- Therefore, Allauddin Khilji quoted the given lines to Qazi Mughisuddin.
Qazi Fakhruddin was a descendant of the noted Muslim theologian Abu Hanifa, who purchased Aibak. Aibak was treated affectionately in the Qazi's household and was educated with the Qazi's sons. He learned archery and horse-riding, besides Quran recital.
Sharaf Qaini, was the revenue minister in the empire of Allauddin Khilji.
Alaul Mulk was the uncle of Barani, who convinced Allauddin to drop the idea of starting that a new religion and it could only be found based on a revelation from God, not based on human wisdom.
- Alaul Mulk also argued that even great conquerors like Genghis Khan had not been able to subvert Islam, and people would revolt against Alauddin for founding a new religion.