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Which of the following is not correctly matched?

1. Madhubani Painting: Bihar

2. Thanjavur Painting: Tamil Nadu

3. Bani Thani: Rajasthan

4. Warli Painting: Odisha


1. 1 and 3 only
2. 2 and 4 only
3. 2 only
4. 4 only

1 Answer

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : 4 only

The correct answer is 4 only.

Warli Paintings:

  • Warli tribals of Thane district in Maharashtra decorate their house walls with paintings depicting their lives: planting saplings, carrying grain, dancing, traveling to the market, and other routine activities of their daily lives. Hence pair 4 is not correct.
  • Symbols of the sun, moon, and stars along with plants, animals, insects, and birds show their belief in the integration of all forms of life.
  • Rice paste is used with red ochre powder to tell stories and to invoke the blessings of their goddess of fertility, Palaghata.
  • The paintings bear a close resemblance to the Bimbhetka paintings.

Thanjavur Paintings:

  • It is a classical painting style that emerged from the town of Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu dated back to 1600 AD. Hence pair 2 is correct.
  • Characteristics of Thanjavur paintings:
    • It is distinguished by its famous gold coating.
    • The main colors are red, yellow, black, and white.
    • Later the paintings were executed on the glass. The glass paintings are colored from outside inwards.
    • The theme of most paintings is Hindu gods, goddesses, and saints.

Madhubani Paintings: 

  • Mithila painting, popularly known as Madhubani art is from the district of the same name in Bihar and is now well-known all over the world. Hence pair 1 is correct.
  • Characteristics of Madhubani Paintings:
    • The tribal motifs and use of bright earthy colors.
    • It includes geometrical patterns, floral, animal, and bird motifs.
    • The colors from natural extracts from plants and other natural sources are used.
    • The return of Ram from exile and Krishna playing with gopis are the preferred subject matter.

Bani Thani:

  • Bani Thani is a miniature painting by Nihal Chand from the Marwar school of Kishangarh. Hence pair 3 is correct.
  • It was patronized by king Sawant Singh.
  • Bani Thani is characterized by idealized distinct features:
    • arched eyebrows,
    • lotus-like elongated eyes,
    • pointed chin,
    • a highly idealized facial form reminiscent of Indian sculpture art.

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