# Match List I with List II List I List II Typical Aristotelian syllogism Technical names in Nyaya Philosophy A. Socrates in mortal I. Nigamana B

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Match List I with List II

 List I List II Typical Aristotelian syllogism Technical names in  Nyaya Philosophy A. Socrates in mortal I. Nigamana B. Because he is a man II. Upanaya C. Whoever is a man, is mortal  e.g. Pythagoras III. Udaharan D. Socrates is a man who is  invariably a mortal IV. Hetu E. Therefore Socrates is mortal V. Pratijna

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

1. A - V, B - IV, C - III, D - II, E - I
2. A - I, B - II, C - III, D - IV, E - V
3. A - III, B - I, C - II, D - V, E - IV
4. A - II, B - III, C - I, D - IV, E - V

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : A - V, B - IV, C - III, D - II, E - I

Naya Philosophy:

• It is one of the six systems of Indian philosophy
• Gautama is the main proponent of Naya philosophy
• It is a philosophy of atomistic pluralism and logical realism.
• The four Pramanas of Naya philosophy is perception, inference, analogical reasoning, and testimony.
• There are five members of Naya syllogism. These are as follows-
 Nyaya Syllogism Description Example (Typical Aristotelian syllogism) Pratigya The logical statement which is to be proved Socrates is mortal Hetu The reason for the establishment of a proposition Because he is a man Udaharana The universal concomitance together with an example Whoever is a man, is mortal  e.g. Pythagoras ​Upanaya The application of universal concomitance to the present case Socrates is a man who is  invariably a mortal Nigmana The conclusion is drawn from the preceding proposition Therefore Socrates is mortal

Therefore, the correct sequence is A - V, B - IV, C - III, D - II, E - I.