Correct Answer - Option 4 : I, II and III
Teacher Centred Approach: In this, the teacher is the dominant factor in all classroom activities. Everything that is done in the class, beginning from the sitting arrangements, fixing what and when to teach, maintaining discipline, asking questions, and the time and type of student evaluation is to be determined by the teacher. Limitation of Teacher Centred Approach:
- Since the teaching is very often imposing facts and ideas by the teacher, children do not like and tend to lose interest.
- If the knowledge of the teacher is limited, then he/she cannot meet the needs of individual children.
- There is no scope for debate and discussion among the students.
- Individual attention is hardly taken into account in large-sized classes and in multigrade situations.
- The teacher never gives room for developing the thinking skill of the students. Thus, it retards the creativity of the children.
Evaluation is mostly summative in nature. There is no scope for continuous and comprehensive evaluation which is the call of the present times.
- The teacher is confined to completion of the course. It matters little if the children do not understand the concepts.
Hence, all the above points are limitations of teacher-centred approach.