Correct Answer - Option 2 : Both I and II
One of the major problems with the Indian education system, as it stands now, is the way examinations are being conducted. The entire education system is centred around examinations and these examinations focus on;
- Student‘s knowledge is often limited to rote memorizing and reproducing the same in the examinations. Their innate talents are not recognized; instead, their capability in writing examination is being tested. It is restricted to only by-hearting/rote memory.
- It is the rigid board examinations that are only helping in classifying students as meritorious and slow-learners i.e. in terms of pass or fail. This leads to unhealthy discrimination.
- The tests and examinations conducted at present are only testing the memory power of the students; they are not measuring the higher-order skills of learning like analysis, synthesis and problem-solving.
- The examinations are mechanical correcting and posting of marks is done routinely. There is no scope for remedial teaching and testing to know how far a student is lagging behind.
Thus, NCF 2005 also emphasized the need for reforms in the present examination system by making them child friendly and stress-free. There is a body of research and studies conducted by eminent Indian educationists behind this move, which have been repeatedly mentioned in various education committees formed to reform and revitalize the Indian education system.
Hence, it is concluded that modern-day examinations focus on the capacity to memorize and reproduce.