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Consider the following statements and choose the correct answer option :

a. The relics of Chalcolithic civilization were found at Jorwe, Nevasa, Daimabad, Chandoli, Songaon, Inamgaon, Prakashe, Nasik, etc. in Maharashtra.

b. The relics of Chalcolithic civilization were found at Ahar and Gilund in Rajasthan and Malwa, Kayatha, Eran, etc. in Madhya Pradesh

1. Both the statements are correct 
2. Both the statements are incorrect 
3. Statement a is correct but statement b is incorrect 
4. Statement b is correct but statement a is incorrect 

1 Answer

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Both the statements are correct 

The correct answer is Both the statements are correct.

  • The use of metals was seen after the Neolithic period.
  • The first metal used is copper.
  • The Chalcolithic period is the stone-copper phase.

  • The relics of Chalcolithic civilization were found:
    • Ahar Culture (oldest): Ahar and Gilund lie in Banas valley in south-eastern Rajasthan and is spread over 4 acres.
    • Malwa Culture(1700BC-1200BC): Western Madhya Pradesh Malwa, Kayatha, and Eran.
      Navdatoli – largest settlement of Malwa.
      Kayatha – Junior contemporary of Harappan Culture.
    • Jorwe Culture (1400BC-700BC) – newest: Western Maharashtra - Jorwe, Nevasa, Daimabad in Ahmednagar District.
      Chandoli, Songaon, and Inamgaon in Pune District.
      Prakash and Nasik.
    • East – UP, Bihar, and Bengal: Vidhyan region of Allahabad district. Chirand, West Bengal – Randu Rajar Dhibi in Burdwan

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