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The partition of Bengal was scrapped by
1. Lord Hardinge
2. Lord Minto
3. Lord Curzon
4. Lord Lytton
5. None of the Above/ More than one of Above

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Lord Hardinge

The correct answer is Lord Hardinge.

  • Partition of Bengal (1905):
    • The partition separated the largely Muslim eastern areas from the largely Hindu western areas on 16 October 1905 after being announced on 19 July 1905 by Lord Curzon, the then Viceroy of India.
    • To appease Bengali sentiment, Bengal was reunited by Lord Hardinge in 1911, in response to the Swadeshi movement's riots in protest against the policy and they began an angry agitation, featuring belief among Hindus that East Bengal would have its own courts and policies.

  • Lord Hardinge II (1910 – 1916):
    • Transfer of Capital from Calcutta to Delhi.
    • Hindu Mahasabha was established by Madan Mohan Malaviya.
  • Lord Curzon (1899 – 1905):
    • Indian Universities act – to control Indian Universities.
    • Partition of Bengal.
  • Lord Lytton (1876 – 1880):
    • Vernacular Press Act, 1878.
    • Arms Act, 1878.
    • Ignored severe famine and organized durbar. Proclaimed Queen Victoria “The Empress of India”.
    • Abolished tax on cotton for British traders.
    • The maximum age to take up the civil services exam is lowered from 21 to 19.
  • Lord Minto (1905 – 1910):
    • Morley – Minto reforms

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