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In which year did the Khilafat Movement start?
1. 1922
2. 1923
3. 1919
4. 1921

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : 1919

The correct answer is 1919.

  • The Khilafat Movement started in the year 1919.​

  • Khilafat Movement (1920 AD-1922 AD):
    • The Ali Brothers–Mohammad Ali and Shaukat Ali–launched an anti-British movement in 1919.
    • The movement was for the restoration of the Khilafat Movement.
    • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad also led the movement.
    • It was supported by Mahatma Gandhi and INC.
    • On October 17, 1919, ‘Khilafat Day’ was celebrated.

  • Turkish Revolution (1923 AD):
    • Turkey was called the Sick man of Europe.
    • The disintegration of the Ottoman Empire began in the 19th century and was completed after Turkey’s defeat in the First World War.
    • The treatment meted out to turkey by the Allies had led to a mass upsurge in India directed against Britain.
    • This upsurge is known as the Khilafat Movement.
    • Turkey was proclaimed a republic on October 29, 1923 AD and Kemal became the first President of Turkey.
    • The Turkish Sultan had carried the title of Caliph (Khalifa) the new government abolished the institution of Caliph (Khalifa) in 1924 AD.
    • Mustafa Kemal Pasha is known as the ‘founder of modern Turkey and Ataturk’ (the father of the Turks).

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