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Mughal Capital from Agra to Delhi was transferred during the reign of which mughal emperor?
1. Aurangzeb
2. Jahangir
3. Shahjahan
4. Akbar

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Shahjahan

The correct answer is Shah Jahan.

  • Shah Jahan was born as Prince Shihab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram, his name means "joyful" in the Persian language.
  • His Grandfather "Akbar the Great" gave him the name "Khurram".
  • He was the originator of the monument Taj Mahal, the Moti Masjid in Lahore- now in Pakistan, Jama Masjid of Delhi, Section of Agra Fort, and the Wazir Khan Mosque Red Fort of Delhi.
  • During his reign, Mughal Capital was transferred from Agra to Delhi.

  • Jahangir:
    • Jahangir was the eldest son of Akbar.
    • He died in Kashmir where he had gone to rejuvenate his health. He was 58.
    • He reigned from 1605 to 1627. He defeated and imprisoned his son, Khusrau Mirza.
    • He beheaded Guru Arjun, the 5th Sikh Guru.
  • Aurangzeb:
    • Aurangzeb was born on 3 November 1618.
    • He was the third son of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal.
    • He executed the Sikh leader Guru Tegh Bahadur for his refusal to convert to Islam.
    • Aurangzeb died in Ahmednagar in February 1707 of old age and illness at the age of 88. 
  • Akbar:
    • Akbar was born as Abu'l-Fath Jalal ud-din Muhammad Akbar on October 15, 1542.
    • Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun, in 1556 when he was 13 years old.
    • Akbar was given the nickname 'the Great' because of his many accomplishments.
    • Akbar had nine ministers in his court, who were called his Navratnas or '9 gems'
    • He died in 1605.

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