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Name the monument which includes a temple of Virupaksha, a Jain shrine with a masterpiece with an impressive range of nine Hindu temples and is located in Bagalkot, Karnataka?

A. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

B. Group of Monuments at Hampi

C. Group of Monuments at Pattadakal

D. Group of Monuments at Khajuraho


1. C
2. A
3. B
4. D

1 Answer

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : C

The correct answer is Group of Monuments at Pattadakal.

  • Pattadakal, in Karnataka, represents the high point of an eclectic art which, in the 7th and 8th centuries under the Chalukya dynasty, achieved a harmonious blend of architectural forms from northern and southern India.
  • An impressive series of nine Hindu temples, as well as a Jain sanctuary, can be seen there. One masterpiece from the group stands out – the Temple of Virupaksha, built c. 740 by Queen Lokamahadevi to commemorate her husband's victory over the kings from the South.

  • A Jain temple or Derasar is the place of worship for Jains, the followers of Jainism.
  • Jain architecture is essentially restricted to temples and monasteries, and secular Jain buildings generally reflect the prevailing style of the place and time they were built. 
  • Vimal Shah, minister of the then Solanki ruler of Gujarat, built Jian Temple in the year 1031 A.D.
  • The special feature of this temple is its ceiling which is circular in eleven richly carved concentric rings.

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