Correct Answer - Option 3 : Concrete Operational Stage
Piaget explained that children progress through four stages and in the same order. The Four Stages of Cognitive Development are as follows:-
- The Sensorimotor Stage (0 to 2yrs)
- The Preoperational Stage (2 to 7)
- The Concrete Operational Stage (7 to 12)
- The Formal Operational Stage (12 to adulthood)
The concrete operational stage is the third stage in Piaget's theory of Cognitive Development.
- In this stage, Children gain the abilities of conservation of number, area, volume, and orientation.
- Children can conserve numbers (age 6), mass (age 7), and weight (age 9). Conservation is the understanding that something stays the same in quantity even when its appearance changes.
- Reversibility, seriation, transitivity also developed in this stage.
Seriation refers to the ability to understand that even if objects are placed at distant positions, their number remains the same.
Ability to conserve is one of the major accomplishments of the concrete operational stage.
Conservation is the understanding that a child develops to know that a thing remains the same even if it changes in shape or appearance.
Hypothetic - Deductive Reasoning ⇒ Formal Operational Stage
Secondary Circular Reactions ⇒ Sensorimotor Stage
Animistic Thinking ⇒ Pre-Operational Stage
Hence, it becomes clear that the ability of 'Seriation' is the characteristic of the Concrete Operational Stage.