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In the context of Convention on Biological Diversities, the eleventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties was held in October 2012 at:
1. Hyderabad
2. Shanghai
3. Dhaka
4. Kandy

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Hyderabad

The correct answer is Hyderabad.

  • India has hosted the eleventh Conference of the Parties (CoP-11) to the CBD in Hyderabad on 1-19 October 2012.
  • These meetings were to be held at the Hyderabad International Convention Centre (HICC).
  • India is a Party to the CBD. The three objectives of the Convention are the conservation of biodiversity.
    • sustainable use of its components.
    • the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.
  • CBD is the first comprehensive global agreement addressing all aspects relating to biodiversity.
  • It is a framework agreement that provides for a flexible country-driven approach to its implementation.
  • The Convention has near-universal membership with 193 Parties. USA is the only major country which is not a Party to the CBD.

  • Two Protocols have so far been adopted under the aegis of CBD-
    • The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (CPB) adopted in 2000.
    • The Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing adopted in 2010.
  • Despite intense biotic pressure, India has been able to harbour 7-8% of the world’s biodiversity.
  • While most developing countries have lost forest cover, India has added around 3 million hectares of forests and tree cover in the last three decades.
  • Globally, India is recognized as a pioneer and trendsetter on biodiversity issues.

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