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The Rampurwa bull, a polished stone sculpture, now placed in Rashtrapati Bhawan, was built during the reign of which one of the following?
1. The Pandyas
2. The Mauryas
3. The Cholas
4. The Kushanas

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : The Mauryas

The Rashtrapati Bhavan is the official residence of the President of India at the western end of Rajpath in New Delhi, India.

  • The Rampurwa bull, a finely polished stone sculpture.
  • This was part of a Mauryan pillar found in Rampurwa, Bihar, and has now been placed in Rashtrapati Bhavan
  • Rampuwa bull:
    • The Rampurva Bull is noted for its delicately sculpted model demonstrating superior representation of soft flesh, sensitive nostrils, alert ears and strong legs.
    • It is a mixture of Indian and Persian elements.
    • Whereas the motifs on the base, atop the inverted lotus, the rosette, palmette, and the acanthus ornaments are not Indian features, the bull capital is a masterpiece of Indian craftsmanship.
    • The Rampurva Bull sculpture is said to have a velvet touch.
    • This was at the initiative of Dr. Rajendra Prasad and Pandit Nehru who took a keen interest in this priceless piece of history
    • They decided that it would remain at the Rashtrapati Bhavan instead of being shifted to the newly constructed National Museum building which had come up at Janpath in the year 1960.

Hence, the correct answer is The Mauryas.

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