Correct Answer - Option 1 : Attention - deficit hyperactivity disorder
Developmental disorder refers to the severe, chronic disability of an individual which is likely to continue indefinitely. There are different kinds of developmental disorders and ADHD is one of them.
The abbreviated term ADHD denotes Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. It is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that leads to hyperactivity in a child's behavior.
Typical Behaviours Associated with Hyperactive Children are:
Get distracted easily.
- Poorly sustained attention in all situations.
- difficulty in listening to or following directions.
- More active or restless than normal children.
- Difficulty in adhering to the rules and regulations.
Impulsive, over-enthusiastic, and try to do several things at once.
- Diminished persistence in tasks not having immediate consequences.
Hence, from the above-mentioned points, it becomes clear that the child's symptoms when, he/she can not stay focused on a task, act impulsively, ignoring social rules, and lashing out with hostility when frustrated, is an indication of Attention - Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
The best ways to help and handle hyperactive children are:
- by breaking tasks in small pieces so that they don't get frustrated.
- by providing them alternative ways of learning to keep them busy and motivated.
- by including physical activity in daily life to channelize their energy in creative works.