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Match the following Pairs:

Findings Harappan Site
1. Plough Field A. Mohanjodaro
2. No Citadel B. Chahundaro
3. Bones of horse C. Kalibangan
4. Lower town fortified D. Surkotda

1. 1-C, 2-B, 3-A, 4-D
2. 1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A
3. 1-C, 2-B, 3-D, 4-A
4. ​1-B, 2-C, 3-A, 4-D

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : 1-C, 2-B, 3-D, 4-A

The correct answer is 1-C, 2-B, 3-D, 4-A.

  • Kalibangan:
    • Kalibangan is an archaeological site at Hanumangarh in Rajasthan near the Ghaggar river. 
    • Plough field, fire altars, bones of camel, burial in the circular and rectangular grave is found here. 
  • Chahundaro:
    • Chahundaro is an archaeological site at Sindh in Pakistan near the Indus river.
    • we can find a bead factory and ornaments here which points towards good craftsmen in this area. 
    • No fortified structure in this place. 
    • It is the only Harappan city without a Citadel and evidence of human sacrifice is available here.
  • Surkotda:
    • Surkotada is an Indus Valley Civilisation archaeological site located in Rapar Taluka of Kutch district, Gujarat. 
    • It is a smaller fortified Indus Valley Civilisation site with 1.4 hectares (3.5 acres) in area.
    • Bones of horse and graveyard are found at Surkotda in Gujarat
  • Mohenjodaro:
    • It is a planned settlement that is divided into two sections, one smaller but higher (Citadel) and the other much larger but lower (Lower Town).
    • The Citadel owes its height to the fact that buildings were constructed on mud-brick platforms.
      • It was walled, which meant that it was physically separated from the Lower Town.
      • It had structures that were probably used for special public purposes.
    • The Lower Town was also walled. Several buildings were built on platforms, which served as foundations

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