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Progressive education entails that the classroom is
1. in full control of the teacher, who is dictatorial
2. democratic and there is space given to children for understanding
3. authoritarian, where the teacher dictates and the students follow meekly
4. free for all with the teacher absent from it

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : democratic and there is space given to children for understanding

John Dewey, an American philosopher has proposed the concept of 'Progressive Education' which emphasizes that learning takes place only through 'hands-on' approach so the students must interact with their environment to adapt and learn.

Progressive education:

  • It is based on the belief that education should primarily serve the needs of children and focus on understanding, action and experience rather than rote knowledge and memorization.
  • A free and democratic atmosphere should be provided in the classroom for the proper development of an individual. 
  • Democratic climate provides the child with maximum opportunities for interaction with other children in the class, with the teacher and with a variety of teaching-learning material. 
  • A democratic atmosphere in the class encourages the students to actively participate in the learning process.

Progressive education entails that the classroom is democratic and there is space given to children for understanding as ​it: 

  • emphasizes to enhance skills and understanding of the learners by engaging with the contents and experiences.
  • promotes 'learning by doing' to make children self-reliant and productive to use their knowledge and talents effectively.
  • ensures the active participation of students by working in a group and applying practical knowledge to complete an activity.

Thus, from-above-mentioned points, it is clear that progressive education entails that the classroom is democratic and there is space given to children for understanding.

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